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Periodontal disease is an extraordinarily common affliction, affecting up to one-half of the American public. This progressive gum disease can make chewing agonizingly painful, cause you to lose teeth and even threaten your systemic health. The good news is that you don't have to let this pervasive disease wreck your mouth and your quality of life. Here at Dental Design SD, Dr. Agatep and Dr. Avina can treat gum disease in any of its stages while also providing regular preventative care and advice to help you keep your natural teeth for life.
The term "periodontal" refers to the structures surrounding the teeth, including the gums, the jaw bone, the ligaments that hold the teeth in place and the tissue that lines the tooth socket, which is known as the gingiva. The gingiva typically the first tissue affected by gum disease. As teeth build up layer after layer of plaque, this plaque hardens into a rough, hard-to-remove material called tartar. Bacteria are drawn to tartar as a food source, and this triggers an immune response in the body, producing inflammation. Gingivitis may manifest as redness where the gum meets the base of the tooth. Receding gums, pain, swelling and bleeding may also result.
Gingivitis that is left unchecked often progresses to the more advanced stage of periodontal disease, periodontitis. At this stage, the gums are actively infected as the bacteria produce more and more harmful toxins. Pockets form between the teeth and gums, allowing the bacteria to penetrate to the connectives tissues and bone underneath. If the corrective tissues are destroyed, the affected tooth may fall out. In the meantime, bacteria in the jawbone can cause painful abscesses. From there, they can enter the bloodstream, potentially damaging your vital organs and contributing to ailments such as heart disease and diabetes.
Prevention is always the best medicine in the fight against any kind of gum disease. Your San Diego and Sorrento Valley dentist can provide twice-yearly checkups and cleanings to watch out for and help prevent periodontal disease. (We may also recommend extra care if you have underlying genetic or medical factors that boost your risk.) Deep cleaning can get rid of tartar no toothbrush could hope to remove, depriving bacteria of its food supply. If you need corrective treatment, we can prescribe antibiotics, pinhole gum recession treatment and other periodontal care.
Home health practices can also help keep gum disease at bay. We can educate you on the most effective brushing and flossing methods, how to steer clear of foods that promote tartar and bacterial growth, and other healthy practices to keep your mouth safe.
Do your teeth and gums a huge favor by taking action against periodontal disease. Call 858-490-4281 for an appointment with your dentist in San Diego!